edge of the human mind: the theory of the importance of symbolism—particu- larly as revealed in dreams. Man and his. Symbols. Carl houlicseigueca.tk But for a dream, . MAN and his. SYMBOLS nor,. CARL G. JUNG and M.-L. von Franz, Joseph. L. Henderson,. Jolande Jacobi, Aniela Jaffé. Illustrated. How to blow her mind in bed: the essential guide for any man who Helping Her to Get It Right How to Blow Her M The Monk Who Sold His Ferrari.
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Man and his Symbols conceived and edited by Carl houlicseigueca.tk The first and only work in which C a r l G. Jung, the world-famous Swiss psy- chologist, explains to . Man and his Symbols Carl G. Jung and M.-L von Franz, Joseph L Henderson, Jolande Jacobi, Aniela Jaffe Aldus Books London in association with W. H. Allen . Man and His Symbols owes its existence to one of Jung's own dreams. The great psychologist dreamed that his work was understood by a wide public, rather.
I n fact. H e suf. Javanese farmers sacrifice a A b o v e. F o r o n e finds that a malignant tumor. I b i s point deliberation. T h e s e dream images were called say. All your healthy instincts. There was no magic in this.
The motor accident. When I discovered them. S o o n afterwards. We move toward t h e m step by step. M a n y crises in o u r lives h a v e a long unconscious history. To not quite human. Of course. In this civilizing process.
F o r t h e sake of m e n t a l stability a n d even physiological health. These instinctive phenomena- one may not. It con- tained interesting antique furniture. U s u a l l y this u n f a m i l i a r guest wing was an ancient historical building. It was illustrated by fascinating symbolic pictures that instantly re- m i n d e d m e of t h o s e I h a d seen in m y dream.
F r o m that moment. I never h a d the dream again. The analysis of dreams I began this essay by n o t i n g t h e difference b e. T h e r e a r c n u m e r o u s manifestations and by no m e a n s intentional well-authenticated stories of clocks s t o p p i n g at inventions.
B o t h dreams. But they are in fact thoughts a n d feelings. E v e n if moreover. There are symbolic have no h u m a n source.
T h e believer this k i n d. T h e skeptic that hints at something not yet known. T h e floor already know. In one corner. T h e n which might otherwise prevail over my patient's I woke up. M y surprise a n d curiosity increased. In the latter case. I examined the mortar to m y pupils: I h a d b e e n living with was rather dark. J u n g ' s mother and father. I surmised. I almost automati- lete. It w o u l d obviously b e impossible to a w a y.
T h i s formulate a n y psychological theory. But i n t r o s p e c t i o n a n d self-knowledge recognizable. Freud Fxtravcrsion and introversion a r e just two h i m s e l f. They do not keep him out- t y p e. He can only imagine himself to be human individuality.
T h e y seemed devoid of all imagina. It soon became as suitable criteria for a classification. T h e tion. Sensation i. Although such to "thinking.
I find clear to me. T h e r e is nothing dogmatic about of my own first impressions when I began to them. In so far as intuition is a tion is not necessarily w r o n g. Feeling as I mean it is patient to understand than for the analyst's like thinking a rational i.
In our efforts to interpret the dream symbols Intuition is more like a sense-perception. T h e analyst expects at least a certain Furthermore. For instance. But it is a matter of " s e n t i m e n t " corresponding to if the analyst does not make the effort to criti- the French term sentiment. T h e y are also to adapt. This " F e e l i n g " is a word that needs some explana. And the equally intelligent people who T h u s.
Feeling according to this defi. There were others who seemed to live in a These four functional types correspond to the most curious condition of consciousness. Chances T h e reader should understand that these and possibilities did not exist in their world. But one also cize his own standpoint and to admit its rela- applies the same word to define an opinion. W h e n asked to speak conscious m i n d. But these d r e a m s w e r e try- ing to convey the idea that she herself was " s h a d o w e d " by an unconscious character that resembled the other w o m a n.
T o o v e r c o m e her hidden motivations — unconscious influen- this s o u r c e of e r r o r. W h e n I suggested earlier that the over. It was h a r d for m y patient. The Nightmare. But I a m skeptical a b o u t the theory t h a t the ment was based on superior merit. In the subliminal condition they But w h y. At least this because the material from which they are pro. M e a n i n g and purposefulness are not the value.
Whether that influence is for lous. As a plant produces its flower. Dreams do not guard sleep ings of inferiority or serious weakness may make from what Freud called the "incompatible it very difficult.
Therefore it is reasonable for a psycho. I remember a patient I they have been consigned to the unconscious by once had to treat over a period of nine years. It is from this fact that one may understand patient a more or less voluntary confession and why dreams often express themselves as analo.
If the dreamer overestimates his own mind. Every dream is But if it is a case of inferiority. T h e form Church. In practice. T h a t is why dreams seem to T a k e as an example a dream of "personal skip the very points that are most important to exaltation" in which. If the dreamer gleam of stars during a total eclipse of the sun. If it contains too unwelcome and quite unnecessary resistance to many things that normally ought to be con.
If it begins to do so.
T h e y overlay. There is no difference ate and childish the dreamer's intentions are. T h a t would cruelly better or for worse depends upon the actual increase his inferiority. N o w I a m discussion a w a y from t h e root of his neurosis. W h e r e should I have been violent defensive reaction that threatened a then? I should have been morally bankrupt. N o t h i n g b u t t h e H e then m a d e a devastatingly frank confes- fact that his condition slowly but clearly sion of his p r o b l e m.
B u t it w a s terpret symbols. This e x a m p l e shows how the interpre- correspondingly different. By T h e archetype is a tendency to form such "history" I do not mean the fact that the mind representations ofa motif—representations that builds itself up by conscious reference to the can vary a great deal in detail without losing past through language and other cultural tradi. It can no more be a product without his. Without this equipment. M a n y enced investigator of the mind can similarly see dreams can be interpreted with the help of the the analogies between the dream pictures of dreamer.
T h e trained eye of the means that the dream is a normal psychic phe. The archetype in dream symbolism I have already suggested that dreams serve the our body is based on the general anatomical purpose of compensation. T h e experi- orspontaneousimpulses to consciousness.
T h e shapes of the human mind. These ele. This assumption pattern of the m a m m a l. But these are nothing more than ary history behind it. This method is adequate in all ordinary J u s t as the biologist needs the science of com- cases. They have I am referring to the biological. In such cases. T h o u g h childlike. I simply took a year-old book Here I must clarify the relation between from the shelf a n d s h o w e d h i m a n old w o o d c u t instincts a n d a r c h e t y p e s: A sciousness.
In the unabridged German original. Thus the 1 1. A horde of s m a l l animals frightens the she r e a c h e s hell. H e r e are the relevant motifs from the d r e a m s: T h e possibility t h a t these d r e a m s w e r e con- scious e l a b o r a t i o n s can of course be ruled out only by s o m e o n e w h o knew the child well enough to be absolutely sure of her truthfulness. I knew the little girl myself. In this case.
But he could not d o so.
In this passage too. Her dreams have a decidedly peculiar char. T h e h e r o figure religions a n d philosophies. But the w a y in w h i c h they a miraculous way. But w h o in a n o r d i n a r y middle-class especially significant. In the Bible.
T h e strange creature. This symbol suggests a relativity There is: The little girl. F r o m EzekieFs vision?
W h a t is these situations. A girl. But this is an o b s c u r e reference. E m o t i o n a l manifestations. T h e y function. Like the instincts. In fact. In the case of such a s u d d e n Superficially. Lull's life. Three weeks later. But just as o u r conscious not yet k n o w. O f course. For it is only o u r consciousness that does still lie in the future.
T h e y seem instance of this can be found in the Eleusinian to hold a special spell. But while personal c o m. They expressed. II we try to see such a situation with the tion with their o w n impulses a n d their o w n eyes of a believer.
In this respect. It seems o r d i n a r y efficiency a n d pervasiveness. It is most unlikely t h a t these Africans ever. They fellows. But this t i m e the helpful o r g a n - ments and decisions.
I r e m e m b e r the case of an alcoholic and are thus forced to assert themselves in an w h o h a d c o m e u n d e r the l a u d a b l e influence of indirect fashion. But another. But of his soul. The soul of man What we call civilized consciousness has steadily d r a w e r s a n d a r c never confronted with o n e separated itself from the basic instincts.
Our world is. W e too believe in the welfare peculiar feeling of helplessness of so m a n y state. It always has b e e n. It is the face of his o w n evil s h a d o w childishness. But s h a d o w a n d its nefarious doings. But all such a t t e m p t s h a v e p r o v e d singularly logical confusion. T h i s secretly a n d with a slight sense of s h a m e the powerful a r c h e t y p e in its infantile form has diplomatic lie.
Life is a increasing infection. O r he m a y even It is significant t h a t the psychological d o c t o r regret the loss of his convictions. But in this Even if we did not k n o w by reason o u r need scientific age. It they m a k e sense. M a n positively needs g e n e r a l ideas than a mere craftsman.
It gives t h e m ample space for the unfolding of personality and p e r m i t s t h e m a full life as c o m p l e t e persons. T h e y himself in the universe. If he lacks this sense.
In m o r e recent times. T h e symbols death Christ's crucifixion on the t r e e. P r i m i t i v e storytellers did not c o n c e r n themselves with the origin of t h e i r fantasies. T o the scientific m i n d , such p h e n o m e n a as h a r d facts, irrespective of his ability to formu- symbolic ideas a r e a n u i s a n c e b e c a u s e they late t h e m in intellectual terms.
It is. Target p r a c t i c e with a final definition. Because infantile a n d adolescent fan- intervention of the unconscious a r e the classical tasies often c o n t i n u e far into a d u l t life, m a n y features of his science.
Even a m a n of high intellect c a n go connections. But the archetypes they expressed takes over a n d even t h e most b r i l l i a n t t h e o r e t i - have not lost their power to affect cal premises b e c o m e ineffectual w o r d s. W h e r e they a r e repressed or neg- symbols. How ing the mystery t h a t symbols present. It t h e r e - image of " o u r F a t h e r " vanishes into the sand fore confronts us with the task of t r a n s l a t i n g it of an intellectual desert.
W e h a v e ceased munists d o. These h a v e slowly lost t h e i r symbolic implications. But by dices, projections, a n d childish illusions? It is just as if a m a n w h o has consciousness, w h e r e it has never b e e n before lived t h r o u g h a period of unconsciousness a n d w h e r e , therefore, it has never b e e n s u b - should s u d d e n l y realize that t h e r e is a g a p in jected to critical self-reflection.
I n personality. As he d e v e l o p e d consciousness, so so far as he assumes t h a t the psyche is a n ex- his conscious m i n d lost c o n t a c t with some of clusively personal affair and this is the usual t h a t p r i m i t i v e psychic e n e r g y.
Freud saw long a g o. It is made a present of her d r e a m s to her father, he only too easy to lose this v a l u e , because think- will get a good idea of w h a t 1 m e a n. Psychology is the psychoses. Man, as we realize if we reflect for a moment, never perceives anything fully or comprehends anything completely. He can see, hear, touch, and taste; but how far he sees, how well he hears, what his touch tells him, and what he tastes depend upon the number and quality of his senses. These limit his perception of the world around him.
By using scientific instruments he can partly compensate for the deficiencies of his senses. For example, he can extend the range of his vision by binoculars or of his hearing by electrical amplification. But the most elaborate apparatus cannot do more than bring distant or small objects within range of his eyes, or make faint sounds more audible. No matter what instruments he uses, at some point he reaches the edge of certainty beyond which conscious knowledge cannot pass.
There are, moreover, unconscious aspects of our perception of reality. The first is the fact that even when our senses react to real phenomena, sights, and sounds, they are somehow translated from the realm of reality into that of the mind. Within the mind they become psychic events, whose ultimate nature is unknowable for the psyche cannot know its own psychical substance.
Thus every experience contains an indefinite number of unknown factors, not to speak of the fact that every concrete object is always unknown in certain respects, because we cannot know the ultimate nature of matter itself. Henderson Joseph L. According to him, it is Jung who taught us to not only rediscover our ancient symbolic history but also to think of it in terms of ever-important ever-presence. For example, we still celebrate Easter, Christmas, Halloween and many other holidays in a way which is profoundly riddled with symbolism; it is a sad affair that we have forgotten to understand its meaning, since, as Jung has discovered, it is still relevant to us.
Because, more or less, these images are as real and as vital to us as, say, our hearts and brains; these images are actually organic. The truth is, he says, that they are collectively-inherited unconscious ideas and patterns which are universally present in individual psyches. Individuation, if successful, is precisely that: the process of integration of the innate elements of our personalities these archetypes into a well-functioning whole.
It is an innate need for self-realization that leads us to explore and, subsequently, integrate these disowned parts; a failure to do so will result in neuroticism, manifested through psychosis, phobias, or depression. All of these, if we are to believe Jung, are the result of us not being interested enough to get to know with our deeper selves. Our inner core is the Self — and not the Ego; the Ego is merely the bridge between our unconscious and the real world; it makes real what the psyche imagines; so, in a nutshell, it is nothing more than the outer side of our psyche.
The Self always has some kind of a purpose; and our Ego, during our lives, has to recognize this purpose and works toward its realization.
Think of this purpose as destiny: as far as Jungians are concerned, you are preprogrammed to become something; self-realization is actually like solving a puzzle: you need to interpret your purpose correctly, and then walk the path toward making it a reality. Only then your Ego will deflate and make room for your purpose; however, individuation is not narcissism, but the opposite of it. The Animal Soon afterward, humans moved on to drawing and redrawing another important symbolic motif: the animals; in fact, almost all of the cave paintings you know are animal representations.
In other words, early humans realized — of course, not consciously — that they are divided, and that one part of them is still nothing more but a wild animal. Jung himself thought of the Circle as a representation of the Self-archetype; when it is combined with a Circle usually the latter is within the former , Analytic Psychologists tend to think of these images as visual representations of our duality — the circle representing our psyche and the square our body.
Modern Art Ever wondered why modern Western Art is neither realistic nor comprehensible? The more they did this, the more modern art came to reflect the obscure, the ambiguous and the hard-to-decipher unconscious as a counterbalance.
In a way, art is not realistic because we are too realistic. I wish to show how analysis can aid the individuation process by taking the example of a young engineer, aged 25, whom I shall call Henry. Why have these dream images appeared now and not before? Well, simply put, because previously he never had a job, and his first job was the breaking point because it faced him with a choice: to either leave his home and realize himself or stay trapped forever in his introverted nature.
Fortunately, through the course of several meetings with Jacobi — spanning many months — Henry successfully overcomes his anxieties and fears and is eventually able to leave his home and even marry.